A colonoscopy is a procedure done to examine the inside of the large intestine. In this procedure, a small camera is inserted into the rectum so a provider can assess the health of the intestine. During the examination, the provider will be looking for signs of disease, and polyps, and may even treat issues.
The procedure is very common and it is recommended that everyone over the age of 45 receives a colonoscopy every ten years. If a patient has a family history of colon-related diseases (such as cancer) it may be recommended to screen earlier or at a more regular frequency.
Patients can expect to prepare for the colonoscopy to ensure the intestine is clear so the endoscopist can see any issues. Your provider will work with you to understand more about the procedure along with the preparations needed.