What is a Urinary Tract Infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that can occur in any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Males and females of all ages can have a UTI, but they do appear more frequently in women. The good news is due to the infection’s common nature, doctors can pretty easily diagnose and treat a UTI.

UTI Symptoms

One of the most well-known and obvious symptoms of a UTI is localized pain during urination, however, there are other signs to watch for.

  • Frequent urination
  • Uncontrollable urination
  • Smelly/cloudy urine
  • Bloody urine
  • Lower pelvis pressure

If you experience symptoms of a UTI, it’s important to seek care to prevent the infection from spreading to other parts of your body.

woman holding her head and her stomach in pain

What Causes a UTI?

When bacteria enter the urinary tract, infection can occur, causing a range of symptoms, which is why you should note these causes.

  • Poor hygiene like wiping back to front in bathroom
  • Sexual activity especially with a new partner
  • Bacterial changes from conditions like menopause
  • System blockages such as an enlarged prostate
  • Weakened immune system leaves body susceptible

Of course, there are good and bad bacteria, so maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help you notice irregularities in narrowing down causes of discomfort.

UTI Testing

To diagnose a UTI, your primary care doctor will do a physical examination and then determine if you need further testing. For example, they may use a urine sample to get a urinalysis that checks nitrites and white blood cells or a urine culture that checks present bacteria. While these tests may sound similar, a urine culture helps indicate the best treatment.

man talking to doctor

Primary Care Providers

Our local providers offer care you can count on.

How to Treat and Prevent UTIs

A variety of antibiotics including the following are typically prescribed to treat UTIs since the body can develop resistance.

  • Doxycycline
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Amoxicillin
  • Sulfonamides
  • Cephalosporins

If you become prone to UTIs or simply want to prevent them, there are some proactive measures you can take.

  • Maintain cleanliness
  • Stay hydrated
  • Pee promptly
  • Avoid spermicide
  • Wear cotton

Get Back on Tract

Schneck Primary Care is here to help keep your urinary system running smoothly. While a UTI may be painful, thankfully it is treatable. Talk to your provider about solutions that make sense for your body.

Call (812) 522-1613